Though Geology plays significant role in the National Economy, centers of learning this subject are not so common. There are only three colleges in the jurisdiction of Shivaji University where B. Sc. Degree Course in Geology is conducted. Gopal Krishna Gokhale College stands out as the leader amongst these where the Geology Department caters to students from Std. XI to Ph. D. The department enjoys affection and support of Hon. Jaykumar Desai, Secretary, Shikshan Prasarak Mandal, Kolhapur, at whose insistence and encouragement the Post-Graduate wing was started in 2008.
The Department of Geology was established in the year 1970 under the guidance of the then Prin. M. R. Desai by Dr. M. K. Prabhu. Mr. B. D. Bagi and Dr. A. P. Jagdale later joined the department as lecturers. In course of time the Junior College wing of the department started in the year 1978 for catering to students of Std. XI and XII under the supervision of Asst. Teacher Mr. S. B. Kulkarni. These founder teachers along with Mr. Redekar Lab. Assistant, and Mr. Gajanan Ghatage, Lab. Attendant, contributed their sincere efforts in the development of the department. The department grew with time and enjoyed special attention of the Management of Shikshan Prasarak Mandal as a progressing department.
The total number of students taking XI & XII scince from this department in the year 2015-16 is 160& 170 student
Collection of beautiful rare specimens of minerals, rocks and fossils is the feather in the cap of the department. Museum specimens of various kinds of zeolites are the main attraction of the department. Sets of Gemstones in the raw and finished forms present a surprise to the laymen. Native gold, copper, rare minerals and rare fossil specimens of fish and trilobites from other countries, plant fossils from Gondwana Supergroup of India are a treat to the eyes of scientific community. Flexible sandstone is one more attraction of the department. These attractions tempt common people and schools and colleges to visit the department.
The department is well equipped with Minerals, Rocks, Crystal Models, Fossils and teaching aids like wooden / plastic models related to mineralogy, petrology, crystallography, structural geology and geomorphology. Maps of Maharashtra, India, Asia and World are available with the department. They are of different type's viz. Relief Maps, Physical, Political, Geological, Mineralogenic and Metalogenic maps. In addition to the conventional petrological and ore microscopes the department has very good modern microscope with display facility on a monitor.